Characteristics of children aged 2 to 5

Excerpt from the book “Pais my lambs” (exhausted) by Wendy HANNA, with permission from the author.

Physical: Application to Teaching:
He is very active but gets tired very quickly. Provide for moments of physical activity and periods of rest.
He likes to touch everything. This is the age of curiosity. Give him to touch objects related to the lesson. This will encourage him to speak.
He likes rhythm, rhyme. He likes to experiment with the text. Offer him musical instruments to accompany the rhythm of the songs.
He is not yet capable of very precise muscle coordination. Its use of pencils, scissors, etc. is limited.
He grows up and learns by playing. By playing, he makes new experiences and so he learns. It is important that the program takes into account its morphological abilities. Have continuous surveillance.
Mental: Application to teaching:
He is impressionable and imaginative. Provide creative activities: painting, collage, molding. Give him the opportunity to mimic stories.
He likes rehearsal. He doesn’t get tired of hearing the same story. He likes words and phrases that repeat themselves.
He needs a routine. Bring a varied program while keeping a good structure.
He’s listening capacity is 3 to 4 minutes. Keep that in mind when telling the stories.
He has a limited vocabulary. He can assimilate simple and short stories. His vocabulary grows when he listens to the stories.
He interrupts the stories. The child interrupts to talk about his own experiences. Expect this and allow time to meet this need.
He’s afraid of loud and unexpected noises. Pay attention to this when screening a movie.
Social: Application to teaching:
He’s shy, he’s afraid of the crowd. It is important that he feels welcome. You can help him relax by talking to him with a moat and reassuring him.
He likes to play alone next to others. As he grew up, his sense of group games developed. Be sensitive to the specific needs of each child. For example, giving opportunities to express themselves to the most extroverted, talking with the most discreet during activities or workshops …
He’s selfish. Teach him to share through activities and games.
He likes to help. Entrust him with small tasks so that he feels useful.
Spiritual: Application to teaching:
He is very open, receptive and impressionable. He is able to respond to God’s love. To make him live happy experiences that he can remember: answers to prayer, pray aloud, achieve missionary goals …
The foundations laid will later determine his attitudes. Do not underestimate the value of teaching the Word of God, even with young children.


How Jesus sees children

An article by Pastor Edouard KOWALSKI

Let us seek to look at the children with the eyes and heart of Jesus. The children, in the time of Jesus, were like the children you know today. Jesus could meet the children you work with, he would have the same reactions. Let us try to discover Jesus’ attitude towards them and look at children with our hearts to respond with love to all their expectations.


The despised child

“Beware of despising any of these little ones.” (Matthew 18.10)

Because the child is smaller than us by size, we think that his needs are smaller or even non-existent. The child often has even greater needs than an adult. Why don’t we look at his soul? Is a child’s soul smaller than an adult’s soul? If from a food point of view, the child should have the right to the best pieces, then from a spiritual point of view, let us give him the best of God’s Word. Let us give him as much attention as possible for his spiritual life.


The misunderstood child

“The chief priests and scribes were outraged at the wonderful things Jesus had done and the children shouting in the temple: Hosanna to the Son of David! They said to him, “Do you hear what they say?” “Yes,” Jesus replied. Have you not read these words: You have drawn praise from the mouths of children…” (Matthew 21.15-16)

Religious people were annoyed by the cries of the children who followed Jesus. They were even more annoyed by the attitude of Jesus who let them scream. These religious people did not understand that the children praised Jesus in the manner of children and with children’s words. But Jesus understood that they were praising him very sincerely and he appreciated it very much. A child does not express himself like us, he does things spontaneously, without a way, he remains natural but sincere. The adult I am doesn’t always understand it. So let’s try to understand his joys, his prayers, and even his angers and sulks.


The rejected child

“Little children were brought to Jesus so that he might touch them. But the disciples took back those who brought them. Jesus, seeing this, was indignant!” (Mark 10.13)

Be aware of what these men were doing! They didn’t want the children to come to Jesus. They wanted to prevent the children from receiving the blessing of Jesus. They rejected them… it is true that these children were very small since Jesus will take them in his arms… they must have been between 2 and 6 years old. If Jesus wants to receive them, though so small, who are we to repel them? On the contrary, let us seek to bring to the Lord all children, even toddlers.


The child outraged

“But if someone scandalized one of those little ones who believe in me, it would be better for him to hang a millstone from his neck, and throw him to the bottom of the sea.” (Matthew 18.6)

The disciples, very proud of themselves, come to Jesus to ask him who is therefore the greatest in the kingdom of God. And they did it in front of children who were very surprised by this state of mind! Jesus understood that the children were shocked by this attitude. A child looks at and observes everything. It can find in adults attitudes, shocking words. How many children have been hurt by harsh and unjust words, by hypocritical attitudes! Even if the child does not express it, he or she may be outraged. Because of the children, we have to look after our attitude and our words.


The Lost Child

“Similarly, it is not the will of your Father that is in heaven that he loses one of these little ones.” (Matthew 18.14)

Jesus has just told his audience the story of the shepherd who is looking for his lost sheep. In application, he talks about the perdition of these little ones. God wants to save the children. Jesus, on the Cross, also died for the children. If we do not know that the child is lost, how can we preach repentance to the child? The child needs to learn that Jesus loved him so much, that he died for him in Golgotha. Our main concern is to bring the child to salvation as soon as possible, by speaking to him from heaven and accepting Jesus, is to accept the Savior who saves us from the eternal fire of hell.


Characteristics of children aged 6 to 8

Excerpt from the book “Pais my lambs” (exhausted) by Wendy HANNA, with permission from the author.

Physical: Application to teaching:
He is very active in words and deeds. Choose songs with gestures, mimic verses, play history.
He gets tired easily, he can’t sit too long without moving. Offer a varied program of short activities, interspersed with quiet moments.
He began to develop his coordination and manual abilities. Give activities at his level. Avoid, for the youngest, too detailed drawings and manual activities too precise.
Mental: Application to teaching:
He is curious, eager to learn. He enjoys hearing biblical stories and volunteers to learn verses by heart.
He needs a routine. While keeping a structure, vary activities.
Its reading capacity is limited. Make sure to use the writing characters he learns at school, avoid capital letters.
The notions of time and space are still unclear. The present above all is important. Delete time details, dates and maps.
He needs help in making decisions. He can make a real decision for Jesus. Make sure he doesn’t do it to follow others.
Its listening capacity is quite short. Be aware of this by preparing the program.
Social: Application to teaching:
He’s looking for friendships outside the family circle. He needs to share with other children, to make friendships.
It seeks adult approval. He is sensitive to correction. Discipline by rewarding his good behavior, by praising his good deeds.
He likes to help. Offer them opportunities to help in the preparation or storage of the room.
He feels safer in small groups. Know each child by name. Form small groups, at least for part of the program.
Spiritual: Application to teaching:
He accepts God as his creator. Give him opportunities to study nature, to thank God for all he has created.
He conceives only confusedly the notion of trinity. For him, it is an object of faith rather than understanding.
He expects immediate and concrete answers to his prayers. Teach him how God responds, that he can also say “no.”
He thinks in a concrete way; nevertheless, spiritual experiences are within his reach. Avoid symbols: Jesus “at the door” of his heart, Jesus will make his heart “white” “black”, etc.
Biblical heroes are very much alive to him. To carry the teaching on the great men of the Bible.
He may be aware of God’s presence. He can praise the Lord and know him personally.
He’s very confident. Teach him to put his trust in the Lord.


Characteristics of children aged 9 to 12

Excerpt from the book “Pais my lambs” (exhausted) by Wendy HANNA, with permission from the author.

Physical: Application to teaching:
Its growth slows down, it is very active and exuberant. He enjoys participating in camps and outdoor activities.
Its muscle coordination is greater. Written work improves and it can perform more advanced manual activities.
Mental: Application to teaching:
He wonders about the why and how of things. It’s time to use provocative questions; allow for discussion time.
Its logic is developing. Give him problems to solve himself.
He begins to be able to think in the abstract. Start teaching parables and symbols.
He reads and writes well, but sometimes has a limited vocabulary. Give opportunities to use the Bible and do simple written activities.
It memorizes easily. Give biblical passages to learn by heart. Make the name of the books of the Bible memorize.
Its ability to concentrate is greater. Consider this by setting the duration of each activity.
He’s capable of creativity. Give the child the opportunity to develop it through poems, stories, drawings, and manual activities.
He is beginning to have an understanding of time and space. Interested in historical and geographical details. Use dates, maps, ect.
The routine can get boring. Provide variety and surprises in the program.
Social: Application to teaching:
His social consciousness is growing. His shyness diminishes. He’s loyal to the buddies. He enjoys contests and group activities.
He demands justice and loyalty. Set specific rules and ensure compliance.
He is in the age of heroes. Adults are often the object of their admiration. Take the opportunity to direct him to Jesus.
He’s pretty indifferent to the opposite sex. Separate girls from boys from time to time for activities.
It is becoming more and more independent. Give him the opportunity to lead and accept responsibilities.
Spiritual: Application to teaching:
This is a very important age when he can have a deep experience with the Lord, which will help him in the difficult years of adolescence. He is able to make decisions that will have an effect on his whole life. Bring him to Christ and present him with the demands of a disciple. Lay the solid foundation of the main biblical doctrines.
He may have a real relationship with the Lord and be sensitive to the presence of God. Encourage him to get used to a daily personal moment with the Lord.



Characteristics of children aged 12 to 15

Excerpt from the book “Pais my lambs” (exhausted) by Wendy HANNA, with permission from the author.

Physical: Application to teaching:
Rapid and irregular growth is often caused by fatigue and clumsiness. Take this into account when entrusting him with tasks to perform.
He is concerned about his external appearance. Be sensitive to this fact and help him to accept himself.
He discovers sexuality. Maturity appears faster in girls than in boys. Ensure that he understands these transformations in the light of God’s Word.
Mental: Application to teaching:
He experiences emotional instability, with mood swings. He criticizes easily and makes hasty judgments. Not being affected, not feeling hurt. Do not impose one’s own convictions, but agree to listen to their point of view.
He has an awakened sense of humor. It’s best to have them too!
He tends to indulge in self-centered daydreams. Often give him opportunities to succeed and be praised.
His general knowledge extends. He will find himself in front of the realities of existence and the truth of the Word of God. Discuss and present the biblical point of view.
Social: Application to teaching:
He became more and more independent from his family. He has a burning need to be seen among his friends. He has a group spirit. During a discussion, he will first be reserved for fear of being different from his friends.
He is wary of the adult. It will take time to give his confidence and share his problems.
He’s attracted to the opposite sex. This is particularly noticeable in girls. Teach him the divine principles of purity.
He likes to act as he pleases and can be felt as rebellious. A gentle but firm authority is necessary for him. Lead him without forcing him.
He aspires to be an adult. Give him the opportunity to participate in the development of a program. With young people of this age, work more with them than for them.
He often takes as a due all that is done for him. He can be felt as ungrateful. Teach gratitude, but not be hurt if he does not immediately express his gratitude.
Spiritual: Application to teaching:
He questions the teaching he received as a child. It is accessible to doubt. Be understanding and allow him to express his doubts. Bring him back to the truth of God’s Word.
He is capable of a real consecration to the Lord. It’s time to train him to make him a manager. Get him into work for God.
















































Let’s get up and grab them by the hand

An article by Nicole DENIZOU

The child today
Listening to the concerns of society, the child today   occupies a central place.

The child is a singular being, a social being similar to others

and different among others similar to him.fotolia_16617557_courir“If he is small, we talk about his parents; if he is a teenager, one is interested in his delinquency; in institutions, it is often the issue of the debate, called to endorse the choices of adults. He is no longer the infant of yesteryear, the one who does not speak. He speaks, the floor is given to him. It is also in his name, in the name of his good that we speak.
Is the child of politicians, educators, sociologists, shrinks, parents the same? This multiplicity of often contradictory discourses, which underpin modern Western educational practices, has led to a new conception of childhood that has gradually become part of practices and law, and which affects the relationships of authority, education and transmission between generations. (The Cluster’s Research)

And for God the child who is he?

His creature he loves, which is valuable to him. A unique being in its own right, recognized. A person in the making, who is the object of all his attention and with whom He wants to communicate. Someone who will be able to take on important responsibilities.

The child has not changed in the eyes of God, and his love has not varied towards him. God does not talk about the child, He knows him perfectly, he sees where he is, he knows what he needs, he is able to hear him and respond to his cry. He loves her with immeasurable love. Does he not say in the Bible: “If a woman abandoned the child she breastfeeds, I would collect him,” said the Lord. “Let the children come to me! Don’t stop them,” said Jesus (Luke 18:16)

God intervenes
I like God’s intervention in the   narrative we find in the book of Genesis in chapter 21 of verse 17 to 20. A maid has just been driven from her master’s house with her child in the desert. She cries and doesn’t know what to do.

An angel comes and speaks to him: “God heard the child’s voice; in the place where he is. Get up, take the child, grab it with your hand; for I will make him a great nation. » It’s an order, but with a promise. “I will make him… » “She went to fill the extra with water, and gave him a drink.   God was with the child, who grew up… »

fotolia_17000951_marcherAgard obeyed, God kept his promise. He did not abandon the child, but blessed him. He is a God who loves all children in the same way, regardless of the colour of their skin, the place where they live, whether they are rich or devoid of everything. He is a God of consolation, of mercy, a God who does not accept anyone. He takes care of his creature contrary to what we hear very often: “Where is God and what is he doing?” To believe that He is the author of evil! This is a great lack of knowledge of its nature. Nothing is hidden from him. He sees children wherever they are, He knows their needs, their thirst, in this arid world. He said again, “Get up, grab them by the hand.”

We want to respond
… eagerly
and go fill our extras in order to give them a drink. We are aware that most children in our country have never heard the gospel of Jesus Christ. Let us make known   to the greatest number   of people “the greatest promises   ever made, and what God has done to keep it.” “For God loved the world so much that He gave his only son so that anyone who believes in him does not perish but is eternal life.” (John 3/16)


Play, musical, distribution of the Bible, relief to the most needy, distribution of food, clothing, toys, games, sponsorships of children, support to humanitarian and charitable associations…
Every day for a long time already take action to meet the immense needs of all these children who suffer in one way or another, in order to bring them a little happiness, draw across borders a smile on their young faces too often marked.

All life needs to be heard, understood through its expectations, aspirations, worries, suffering, satisfaction in everyday life and uniqueness. There is no greater joy than giving what we have received with abundance. This ability to see, to hear, to listen is essential to avoid the double pitfall of perceiving the child only through theoretical, disembodied and generalizing concepts or alienating him in the representation of our own childhood.

Timothy’s legacy
As a young boy, Timothy lives with the Apostle Paul, he sees, hears and learns. “For you you have followed closely my teaching, my conduct, my plans, my faith, my gentleness, my love, my constancy.” What a testimony for a child!

He knows the price of living with God. He knows the difficulties: “… my persecutions, my sufferings.” But what he acquired as a child, that is, a solid teaching, will allow his faith to take root. Paul’s example and conduct will guide his life. “You remain in the things you have learned, and recognized some, knowing that you have learned them; from your childhood, you know the holy letters that can make you wise to salvation by faith in Jesus Christ. »

When he became a man, he followed Paul. In this passage, the apostle exhorts him that “All writing is inspired by God, and useful to teach, to convince, to correct, to instruct in righteousness, so that the man of God may be fulfilled and fit for all good work.” The Word of God is indispensable for our children, it is the foundation par excellence.

fotolia_1170710_enfant_croixPaul’s testimony, a reflection of the Word of God, will mark the life of this young boy, to lead him to be in turn a witness to Jesus Christ. What Paul passes on to Timothy is the legacy he has received from Jesus Christ, that is, all that he himself has learned from him.

The child is like a malleable land: he trusts; He is open and attentive; he is much more sensitive to spiritual things than the adult; he craves love and absolutes.

Mobilizing   is a real necessity, both within and outside the Church. Let us go to the children of our neighbourhoods, of our city, and passing on to them the Gospel, the Good News. Others, with far less laudable intentions, understood this. Let us give this new generation of true values, an eternal hope and a reason to live that will change their world into a less cruel world, and above all into a world where we can freely speak of Jesus, our true hope.

Let’s commit to:

To respect the child:

As a person in his own right,
By listening to his needs, his questions, his difficulties…
By giving ourselves the means to put themselves within his reach,
By doing everything possible to encourage its development and preserve its physical, emotional, psychic, social and spiritual integrity.

To pass on the gospel taking into account the child’s age and context:

By offering appropriate materials, activities and pedagogy,
By also reaching out to those who do not know Jesus Christ.

To recognize the place of the child in the church:

As a full member,
By empowering him in the life of worship,
By accompanying him in his life as a disciple of Jesus Christ.

To encourage the child to find his place in society as:

Full member,
Responsible citizen,
Witness of Jesus Christ.

To equip parents and all those who work with children by proposing:

Various and varied training courses,
Appropriate tools.

To pray for:

The children of our churches,
The children of our neighbourhoods,

Jesus said:


“Refusing a nostalgic vision of the ideal child, we must think of it in the context of today’s life, so that he imagines himself in his life of tomorrow.”